[Free epub] The Caves of SteelAuthor Isaac Asimov – Bilb-weil.de

ในอนาคต มนุษย์โลกบางส่วนอพยพไปตั้งรกรากบนโลกอื่นและพัฒนาวิทยาการอย่างสูงจนกระทั่งเริ่มตัดสายสัมพันธ์กับโลกมนุษย์ ในทางกลับกันโลกมนุษย์ในอนาคตมีประชากรล้นโลกคนต้องอยู่อาศัยกันอย่างแออัด ส่วนใหญ่ลงไปอยู่ในนครใต้ดิน ซึงมีผลทำให้มนุษย์โลกส่วนใหญ่เป็นโรคกลัวที่โล่งไปโดยปริยาย นักสืบอิไลจาห์ แบลีย์ต้องสืบสวนคดีฆาตกรรมชาวอวกาศรายหนึ่งซึ่งผู้ต้องสงสัยคือหัวหน้างานของเขาโดยตรง และงานชิ้นนี้มีความสำคัญมากเพราะชาวอวกาศอาจใช้เป็นข้ออ้างในการประกาศสงครามกับโลกมนุษย์ได้ เขาต้องร่วมงานกับหุ่นยนต์ดานีล หุ่นยนต์เหมือนมนุษย์ที่ชาวอวกาศสร้างขึ้น ทั้งสองร่วมกันคลี่คลายคดีลงได้เเละเกิดมิตรภาพต่อกัน


10 thoughts on “The Caves of Steel

  1. Ahmad Sharabiani Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    The Caves of Steel (Robot #1), Isaac Asimov

    The Caves of Steel is a novel by American writer Isaac Asimov. It is essentially a detective story, and illustrates an idea Asimov advocated, that science fiction can be applied to any literary genre, rather than just a limited genre.

    In this novel, Isaac Asimov introduces Elijah Baley and R. Daneel Olivaw, later his favorite protagonists. They live roughly three millennia in Earth's future, a time when hyperspace travel has been discovered, and a few worlds relatively close to Earth have been colonized—fifty planets known as the Spacer worlds.

    The Spacer worlds are rich, have low population density (average population of one hundred million each), and use robot labor heavily. Meanwhile, Earth is overpopulated (with a total population of eight billion, and strict rules against robots have been passed.

    The Caves of Steel are vast city complexes covered by huge metal domes, capable of supporting tens of millions. In The Caves of Steel and its sequels (the first of which is The Naked Sun), Asimov paints a grim situation of an Earth dealing with an extremely large population, and of luxury-seeking Spacers who limit birth to permit great wealth and privacy.

    Asimov, who described himself as a claustrophile, mentioned that a reader asked him how he could have imagined such an existence with no sunlight, and related that it had not struck him until then that living perpetually indoors might be construed as unpleasant. ...

    تاریخ نخستین خوانش: ماه سپتامبر سال 1991 میلادی

    عنوان: غارهای پولادی؛ نویسنده: آیزاک آسیموف؛ مترجم: شهریار بهترین؛ تهران، آواره، 1363، در 398ص؛ داستانهای علمی تخیلی؛ سده ی 20م

    ماجراهای داستان در آینده‌ ای بسیار دور رخ می‌دهد. در آینده‌ ای خیالی، ساختار جامعه‌ ی زمین، فرهنگ و شرایط زندگی مردم، بسیار متفاوت از زندگی امروزین است. در دنیای آینده‌ ی غارهای پولادی، مردمان زمین، در شهرهای سرپوشیده‌ ای زندگی می‌کنند، که آن را غارهای پولادی می‌نامند. مدت‌ها پیش از زمان داستان، عده‌ ای از مردمان زمین به فضا مهاجرت کرده، و پنجاه کره را، در فضا مسکونی کرده‌ اند. مهاجران با دستکاری ژنتیکی خود، و دستکاری محیط زیستشان، طول عمر خود را نیز افزایش داده، و در واقع تبدیل به ابرانسان‌هایی شده‌ اند، که نیاکان خود در زمین را خرد و کوچک می‌شمارند. شخصیتهای محوری داستان: کارآگاهی به نام: الیاس بیلی، و روباتی به نام: آر-دنیل الیواو هستند. زمین در سالی نامعلوم، حول و حوش 2600میلادی تا 3000میلادی است، که از سوی نویسنده، به درستی مشخص نمیشود

    تعداد انسانهای زمینی، به مرز هشت میلیارد نفر رسیده، و به همین دلیل با کمبود شدید منابع مواجه است. پس کشاورزی جدیدی که حاصل شیمی آلی پیشرفته آن روزگاران است، ابداع شده، و غذای همه ی آدمیان را از مخمرها درست میکنند. کشوری با مرزبندی کنونی، ظاهرا وجود ندارد، و تنها شهرهای خودمختار وجود دارند، که همه جای زمین یکسان اداره میشوند. انسانها داخل ابرشهرهای سرپوشیده، و با مقررات ویژه زندگی میکنند. خانه های آنها، آشپزخانه، و حمام، و دستشویی ندارد، و همه در غذاخوریهای عمومی غذا میخورند، و در پرسونالهای عمومی حمام میکنند، و به دستشوییهای عمومی میروند. پول جایگاهی ندارد، و هر کس بنا به کاری که انجام میدهد، دارای جایگاهی است. پس اگر بهتر کار کنند، و در کارشان پیشرفت کنند، میتوانند امتیازهایی بدست آورند، تا بدانجا که برخی در خانه، اجازه ی تناول وعده هایی از غذای خویش را دارند، و اجازه ی داشتن آشپزخانه کوچکی، و در موارد دیگر، حتی دستشویی دارند

    بالاتریها، و سرشناسترها، میتوانند همسران و دخترانشان را، به مکانهایی که در طبقات بالا قرار دارد، بفرستند، تا حمام آفتاب بگیرند، و البته این مکانها هم با شیشه های ضخیم از محیط خارج جدا شده است. انسان با زمین بیگانه شده، و هوای آزاد را مسموم میداند. طلوع و غروب آفتاب را نمیشناسد، و باران را ندیده است. در غارهای خودساخته و بسته زندگی میکند، و ارتباطی با محیط بیرون ندارد. انسان زمینی در گذشته های دور، پنجاه مستعمره ی دیگر، در فضا ایجاد کرده، که اکنون مستعمره نشینان از لحاظ فناوری، همانند اروپای امروز در مقابل آسیا هستند. آنها کم جمعیت و ثروتمند هستند، و عمر طولانی دارند. چند سالی هست که (بنا به دلایلی که با خواندن داستان مشخص میشود) به زمین آمده اند، اما از زمینیان دوری میکنند، و در کنار شهر آنها، شهرکی برپا کرده اند، که روباز است و آفتاب به آن میتابد و باران میبارد. در داستان، روباتها کم کم به زندگی زمینیان وارد میشوند، و به جای انسان قرار میگیرند. اهالی زمین این را کار فضاییها میدانند، و شورشهایی را علیه آنها برپا کرده اند. داستان از جایی آغاز میشود، که در شهرک فضاییها قتلی رخ داده، و کاراگاه الیاس بیلی، مامور بررسی پرونده میشود. از سوی فضاییها هم، روباتی کاملا شبیه انسان، به نام آر-دنیل الیواو، به عنوان همکار کاراگاه گسیل میشود. ...؛ ا. شربیانی


  2. Manuel Antão Manuel Antão says:

    If you're into stuff like this, you can read the full review.


    C/Fe: The Caves of Steel by Isaac Asimov


    There were infinite lights, the luminous walls and ceilings that seemed to drip cool, even phosphorescence; the flashing advertisements screaming for attention; the harsh, steady gleam of the 'lightworms' that directed:
    THIS WAY TO JERSEY SECTIONS, FOLLOW ARROWS TO EAST RIVER SHUTTLE, UPPER LEVEL FOR ALL WAYS TO LONG ISLAND SECTIONS.
    Most of all, there was the noise that was inseparable from life. The sound of millions talking, laughing, coughing, calling, humming, breathing.

    In The Caves of Steel by Isaac Asimov

    Set 2,000 years in the future, The Caves of Steel shows us contrasting pictures of Earth and the Outer Worlds - colonized planets throughout the Galaxy. Although the inhabitants of the Outer Worlds trace their origins to Earth, they are separated from it by much more than mere distance, now calling themselves Spacers and ruling the decaying mother planet as benevolent despots. In his earlier novels, Asimov mastered the translation of speech into its written equivalent; but to recreate the speech of a human being is a problem every novelist faces.


    If you're into Vintage SF, read on.


  3. mark monday mark monday says:

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    Robot 1:

    >Speculation On Future Of Human Life >Human Life In Mega-Cities >Ants In Anthill >Living In Caves Of Steel >Reduction Of Space Means Reduction Of Individual Liberties, Reduction Of Privacy, Reduction Of Ability To Do Typical Human Things Like Go Outside Or Eat Alone >Reduction Of Human Mind To Primitive Traits Including Xenophobia And Group-Think >Humans Devolve While Robots Evolve > Predictable Trajectory For Humans And Robots Alike >Stupid Humans >LMAO


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    Robot 2:

    Author. is. careful. and. thoughtful. in. what. he. is. trying. to. accomplish. [] Prose. is. not. dry. [] Story. and. themes. are. easy. for. humans. to. understand. [] Author. uses. classic. detective. and. murder mystery. genre. conventions. as. vehicles. for. science. fiction. concepts. [] Author. is. somewhat. unsuccessful. in. use. of. these. genre. conventions. because. identity. of. killer. is. predictable. and. detective. protagonist. is. flat. straw man. and. also. very. tiring. for. this. Robot. to. read. about. [] Author. uses. science fiction. genre. to. explore. ideas. of. what. it. is. to. be. a. person. [] Ideas. are. very. interesting. [] Unlike. the. very. uninteresting. human. protagonist.


    photo
    Robot 3:

    no no no my robot brothers you are very judgmental! this this this ASIMOV is only human after all! book book book is fun and amusing! enjoy enjoy enjoy the dichotomy that ASIMOV presents between brutish, short-sighted Earth humans and aristocratic, insular Spacer humans! both both both so fallible ha ha ha! enjoy enjoy enjoy the opposite reactions displayed in all situations by the emotional, speciesist human protagonist and the logical, decent robot protagonist! this this this ASIMOV is a strong supporter of robotkind and is simply speaking in a way that narrow-minded humans can understand! all all all humans think in binary terms like those presented in Caves of Steel! you you you should appreciate this novel if only as a nostalgic relic of our own simplistic binary pasts! i i i recommend this book because you will be able to read it in .010101 seconds!


  4. Mario the lone bookwolf Mario the lone bookwolf says:

    Groundbreaking of crime stories with non-human protagonists

    It´s an additional layer of suspense if one doesn´t know if humans or robots have committed a crime. With the help of this trope, the author can play with the laws and programming of robots, regarding helping or killing humans. Or helping killing humans.

    It will become a real topic, as soon as the first accidents with cyborgs and human-like robots will happen. In the beginning, it might be easier to find the bug or the evil, laughing villain, remote-controlling the robot. But as soon as AI has gained thinking and decision autonomy, that might get a tricky question. Just imagine that a feeling, conscious, female android gets abused for years by a real bastard and kills him before getting killed. Ethics may get a lot of work in the future.

    One can imagine the endless combinations of plots that will come. I mean, all the possibilities how robots, aliens and humans can commit horrible crimes, it´s just great and I am eagerly looking forward to it.

    Tropes show how literature is made and which mixture of elements makes works and genres unique:
    https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.ph...


  5. Manny Manny says:

    Isaac Asimov had opinions on everything, and he'd often find ways to insert them into his books. I was reminded of Caves a couple of months ago when I read Margaret Atwood's The Robber Bride, which is in many ways an updated version of the Jezebel story from I Kings. Atwood gives Jezebel a rough ride. Here's what Asimov has to say:

    The Jezebel of the Bible was a faithful wife and a good one according to her lights. She had no lovers that we know of. After Jezebel's husband, King Ahab, died, her son, Jehoram, became king. One of the captains of his army, Jehu, rebelled against him and assassinated him. Jehu then rode to Jezreel where the old queen-mother, Jezebel, was residing. Jezebel heard of his coming and knew that he could only mean to kill him. In her pride and courage, she painted her face and dressed herself in her best clothes so that she could meet him as a haughty and defiant queen. He had her thrown from the window of her palace and killed, but she made a good end, according to my lights.
    I'd forgotten how passionate he was about defending her. One of the many unexpected things about Asimov was that he was quite a feminist, but somehow without ever acquiring that label. The Susan Calvin stories are an even clearer example.


  6. Merphy Napier Merphy Napier says:

    While detective novels aren't my thing (at the moment, I'm still trying) I love Isaac Asimov's books. His worlds, explanations, AIs, and situations he writes are genius and can keep me interested even if it's the type of story I don't usually read


  7. Lyn Lyn says:

    Donald, Hillary, Gary and Jill are drinking wine, playing Twister, listening to Coltrane and discussing Isaac Asimov’s 1954 novel Caves of Steel.

    Hillary: One of my favorite Asimov stories is the eulogy Vonnegut said for him, as the mourners are gathered he said, “Well, he’s in heaven now.”

    Donald: Hilarious Hillary, I rolled a blue left foot, so let me just slide this way. Funny that you mention Heaven as Asimov used much of this futuristic story as a way to discuss some Biblical issues.

    Jill: Yellow right hand! Uggh! ‘Scuse me Gary, also this could be seen as a repudiation of the Bible and of organized religion as a whole as Asimov has the Spacers clearly a better option than the backwards earthlings and he even more backwards Medeivalists. He also describes over population and stringent measures to survive, rater than more obvious and successful methods utilized by the Spacers.

    Gary: Asimov had clearly read the Bible, he had several informed sections about the Jezebel story. Really I thought that the best part of this book was Asimov’s excellent world building, where people lived in huge mega cities and there is a whole separate space colony culture and then OF COURSE the robots; the laws of robots was wildly influential on later writers and even other media.

    Jill: Absolutely! The murder mystery is kind of secondary to Asimov path finding for later writers like Philip K. Dick and Robert Silverberg and really a host of other writers

    Donald: Not much action, this is a lot of Asimov describing his futuristic world. Green left hand, there’s no way I can reach that.

    [Coltrane’s Afro Blue serenades Donald as he stretches for green and falls, crushing Hillary and Jill]

    Gary: Hey! I win! And Asimov was a winner with this archetypal sci-fi gem.

    description


  8. Barbara Barbara says:


    Isaac Asimov is well known as a science fiction writer and this book is supposed to be a science fiction/detective story fusion book. Apparently Asimov wanted to demonstrate that science fiction could meld with other genres (according to the book cover).

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    The detective partners in the story are a New York detective named Elijah Baley and a very human-looking robot, called R. Daneel Olivaw. But the detection seems to consist of the cop just accusing one person after another - he doesn't even question suspects. Not such a good fusion... but later books in the series do get better.

    You can follow my reviews at https://reviewsbybarbsaffer.blogspot....


  9. Stephen Stephen says:

    4.5 to 5.0 stars. Just re-read this after having first read it many years ago. Asimov was a superb story-teller and his books are almost always fun, easy to read and full of big ideas. This one is no exception.

    Set on Earth many millennia before the time when the The Foundation Trilogy takes place, it is a time when humans have been divided into two main groups, the Earthmen and the Spacers. The first are those 8 Billion souls on Earth living in massively croweded mega cities (the Caves of Steel) where food and other goods are rationed due to limited supply. In order to allow necessary production efficiencies, Robots are used but are alomost universally hated by Earthmen as they are seen as taking away jobs from real people.

    The second group, the Spacers, are the decendants of Earth first colonists who years before left the Earth to colonize the 50 Outerworlds. In contrast to the Earth, the Outerworlds have very low populations and live a life of luxury, in part do their embrace of Robots as useful tools to help make life easier. They are also incredibly long-lived due to their scientific advancements.

    There is a lot of animosity and hate between the two groups which is pivotal part of the story. The story itself is a murder mystery involving a murdered Spacer. An Earth cop, Elijah Bailey, is partnered with a Spacer Robot (the soon to be famous R. Daneel Olivaw) to solve the crime. The real charm of the story is the description of life on Earth, the contrast between that life and that of the Spacers and the Earthmen and the explorations of the various prejudices among the groups.

    An excellent read and a great introduction to the Robot novels of Asimov.

    Nominee: Hugo (Retro) Award for Best Science Fiction Novel (1953)


  10. Sr3yas Sr3yas says:

    ❝ People sometimes mistake their own shortcomings for those of society and want to fix the Cities because they don’t know how to fix themselves.❞

    Issac Asimov's expansion of Robot short stories gave birth to this unique novel which balances itself between hard science fiction, philosophy, religious undertones and a classic murder mystery.

    In this novel, we are introduced to a highly advanced and a very dystopian New York city which has enwombed the ever growing population of humanity with a disturbing efficiency. The story revolves around officer Elijah Baley and his unorthodox partner, R. Daneel Olivaw's investigation into the murder of a spacer.

    Unorthodox?

    Well, the R doesn't stand for Roy or Rambo.... It stands for Robot!

    This, my dear friends, is a unique achievement in the history of science fiction. The city of future described in this tale excruciatingly reminded me of an over-sized factory with innumerable mechanical moving parts run by precise algorithms. *shudders* But unlike other science fictions of the same sub-genre, humans haven't yet reduced into an emotionless species here. They are still flawed, emotive and some are even aghast and distasteful with all the advancements.

    The characters introduced are well written and developed, especially Baley, Daneel and Commissioner Julius Enderby. The atypical partnership between Baley & Daneel and their interactions with each other are undoubtedly one of the high points of the story.

    As a science fiction, the story is spectacular. But.....yes, there is a but. As a detective story, Caves of steel stumbles a bit. The whole investigative procedure of Baley can be summed up with one of the character's quote:
    ❝ I can’t stop you from thinking, Officer, but thinking isn’t evidence. Maybe you know that.❞

    To elaborate, I present to you an abridged version of first 50% of the investigation.
    (view spoiler)[
    Commissioner: Alright, Elijah. It is important that you handle this case very diplomatically because of our relationship with spacers.
    Elijah Baley: Sure, Commissioner. I am your man.

    [Later in front of spacers]
    Elijah Baley: THE GUY ISN'T DEAD. SPACERS ARE DECEIVING US TO CONQUER EARTH. THIS ROBOT ISN'T A ROBOT. HE IS A HUMAN.
    [Confused Spacers scratching head]
    Commissioner: umm... Do you have any proof?
    Elijah Baley: Well, not really. The robot looks very human, doesn't he?
    Daneel: Well, I can quite assure you that I am a robot [peels his skin]
    Elijah Baley: oh, crap.
    (hide spoiler)]